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Education in India | Education Structure in India

By: Nitish Kalra (Dated: 25 April 2011)
There are three levels of control and funding for Education-in-India by federal, state and private, out of which private sector is mainly cover the education sector in India. The literacy rate in India in 2011 is 74.04% (in total) out of which male literacy rate is 82.14% and female literacy rate is 65.46%. The primary languages of education in India are Hindi, English and other state or local languages.

Education Structure in India

The school education in India is mainly covered by NCERT and CBSE but there are few other educational boards exist like ICSE, NIOS who covers the remaining schools. For management concerns, NUEPA and NCTE are responsible councils for education management and teachers accreditations in India.

Indian education structure is divided into several stages like primary education, secondary education, higher education and technical education. Women's education and rural education are other criteria where Indian government lays emphasis mostly.

Child labour has banned in India by Indian Government and the main target of the government is to educate all children up to 14 years of age. There are 80% government schools and 20% private schools, but around 27% of total children strength is taking education from privately held educational schools. The children of age 14-18 are covered under secondary education and the main feature of secondary schooling in India is to teach profession based courses and vocational training as per student choice.

India is on third place in term of world's largest higher education system after China and United States. UGC is the main governing body and governs around 20 central universities, 315 state and deemed universities. Around 18-20 institutions running under state act and more than 16000 colleges out of which 1800 women colleges are comes under other institutions.

One of the main emphasis in current five year plan of India is to create a pool of manpower with scientifically and technically strong. In NPE of India, a regulation body was developed named AICTE in 1987 to manage and develop programs for technical colleges and institutions.

India has achieved a new milestone in women's education. Before India’s independence, the women literacy was 2-6% out of total female population while as per 2011 data, the female literacy rate has grown up to 65% which is the most important factor in India's fastest growth. Indian government has also taken lots of remarkable steps to start and develop rural areas in term of all facilities and education is not the exception but the most targeted area to maintain the social and monetary imbalance.



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